Xue-Hanyu.com: Other languages:

Category: Tones

平声
(level)
上声
(rising)
去声
(departing)
入声
(entering)
阴平 阳平 阴上 阳上 阴去 阳去 阴入 阳入
Early Middle
Chinese

(voiceless)

(voiced)

(voiceless)

(voiced)

(voiceless)

(voiced)

(voiceless)

(voiced)
次浊
(sonorant)
全浊
(obstruent)
次浊
(sonorant)
全浊
(obstruent)
次浊
(sonorant)
全浊
(obstruent)
短音
(short)
长音
(long)
次浊
(sonorant)
全浊
(obstruent)
Cantonese 55  or  53 21 35 23 33 22 5 3 2
Hakka
(Meixian)
44 11 31 53 1 5
Mandarin
(Putonghua)
55 35 214 51 → any
Taiwanese 55 24 51 阳去 21 33 3 5
Shanghainese 52 阳去 阴去 阳去 34 13 5 23
Vietnamese 33 21 323 3ʔ5 阳去 35 21ʔ 35 21ʔ
Proto-Thai Level Rising () Departing () Entering (Dead Syllable)
voiceless voiced voiceless voiced voiceless voiced voiceless voiced
aspirated/
fricative/
sonorant
unaspirated
stop
aspirated/
fricative/
sonorant
unaspirated
stop
short long short long
Thai 214 33 51 45 21 51 21 45 51
Lanna
(Chiang Mai)
24 33 53 454 22 51 24 22 53 51
Isaan
(Khon Khaen)
323 33 45 21 51 55 33 21 45 51
Lao
(Vientiane)
214 11 45 31 53 33 45 31 33 53